In this post, we will focus on building the Angular frontend integrating with WebApi
Building Angular Single Page Application integrating with backend ASP.NET WebAPI.
Setting up Angular 11 for Local Development
To install angular the following pre-requisites installations is required
NodeJs active LTS
NPM package Manager
Installing the Angular CLI
The Angular CLI is a command-line interface tool that you use to initialize, develop, scaffold, and maintain Angular applications.
npm install -g @angular/cli
Verify the version of angular using the below command
ng — version
Angular Version installed in my local development environment
Creating an Angular App
Run the CLI command ng and provide the name of the app as shown below
ng new myapp
Run the App
To run the application navigate to the app folder created and run the below command
ng serve — open
ng serve command launches the server, watches your files, and rebuilds the app as you make changes to those files.
In this application, we are going to use the ngbootstrap CSS. To install run the below command in the terminal
npm install — save @ng-bootstrap/ng-bootstrap
Angular App Structure
Using visual studio code editor for building the application. Below is the application structure
Project code is available on Github
Clean Architecture Application Design from Scratch using Dotnet Core 3.1 WebApi and Angular 11 FrontEnd …
Creating project folders
Inside the “app” folder, let’s create the folders “_models”, “_components”, “_shared” “_services”.
In the “_models” folder we will place our entities, like User:
Components are the main building block for Angular applications. Each component consists of:
- An HTML template that declares what renders on the page
- A Typescript class that defines the behavior
- A CSS selector that defines how the component is used in a template Optionally, CSS styles applied to the template
Sample Login Component
Services can be used to have business logic in one place and can be injected into components when required.
Dependency Injection in Angular
Dependency injection (DI), is an important application design pattern. Angular has its own DI framework, which is typically used in the design of Angular applications to increase their efficiency and modularity.
To create a service, run the below command in the terminal window
ng generate service _services/authentication
Below is the sample Service
Intercepting requests and responses, With interception, you declare interceptors that inspect and transform HTTP requests from your application to a server. The same interceptors can also inspect and transform a server’s responses on their way back to the application. Multiple interceptors form a forward-and-backward chain of request/response handlers.
In our application, We have created JwtInteceptor to add the JWT token to every request that hits to web API. Below is the code implementation.
Read More about HttpClient in Angular documentation.
Global Error Handler
Handling exceptions in common service that implements ErrorHandler.
AuthGuard can be used to restrict the user from viewing unauthorized pages or Components. Below is the AuthGuard Implementation.
Running the Application in Visual Studio Code
Open the project folder in the visual studio code and click on the run tab and select the projects to run as shown in the below screenshot
Angular Application and WebAPI are running in URL's below
Test User to Login
- Username: system
- Password: admin@123
Hope you enjoyed the post and please feel free to play around with code